Republic of Indonesia

Updated: 2018-07-30

Area: 1.91 million square kilometers

Population: 258 million

Capital: Jakarta

Administrative divisions:

Indonesia is divided into 34 first-level administrative districts (provinces), including three special regions (Jakarta, Yogyakarta and Aceh), 31 provinces, and 514 second-level administrative districts (regencies and cities).

Economy:

The country has the largest economy among all ASEAN countries. In 2017, its gross domestic product (GDP) reached 1,015 billion dollars, up 5.07 percent year-on-year. The total trade amount reached 325.6 billion dollars, a year-on-year increase of 15.9 percent. By the first quarter of 2018, Indonesia’s GDP was 254.9 billion dollars, up 5.06 percent year-on-year, and from January to April, the GDP reached 118.8 billion dollars, up 15.8 percent year-on-year.

Resources:

Indonesia boasts an abundance of oil, natural gas, coal, tin, bauxite, nickel, copper, gold, silver and other mineral resources. Mining plays an important role in Indonesia's economy, accounting for about 10 percent of GDP. According to official statistics, Indonesia has about 9.7 billion barrels (1.31 billion tons) of oil, 4.8 trillion or 5.1 trillion cubic meters of natural gas, and 19.3 billion tons of proven coal, with potential reserves of more than 90 billion tons. 

Industry:

Indonesia tops the world in the output of minerals such as tin, coal, nickel, gold, and silver.

Agriculture:

The arable land of Indonesia covers an area of 80 million hectares, with it being rich in corps such as palm oil, rubber, coffee, cocoa, etc.

Tourism:

Tourism is the second largest foreign exchange earning industry after electronics exports in Indonesia's non-oil and gas industry. The government has long attached importance to developing tourist attractions, building hotels, training personnel and simplifying entry procedures. China, Singapore, Malaysia, Australia and Japan are top five countries where Indonesia's tourists come from. From January to April in 2018, approximately 4.97 million foreign tourists visited Indonesia.

Main tourist destinations in Indonesia are Bali, Borobudur, Prambanan Temple, and Lake Toba.

Foreign trade:


2013

2014

2015

2016

2017

Amount of exports

182.57

176.29

150.25

144.43

168.73

Amount of imports

186.63

178.18

142.74

135.65

156.89

Trade gap

-40.6

-18.9

75.1

87.8

118.4

(unit: billion dollars)

The main export products are oil, natural gas, textiles and garments, wood, rattan products, handicrafts, shoes, copper, coal, pulp and paper products, electrical appliances, palm oil, rubber and so on. The main import products are mechanical transport equipment, chemical products, automobiles and spare parts, power generation equipment, steel, plastic and plastic products, cotton and so on. The main trading partners are China, Japan, Singapore, and the United States.